Publications

The Eastern Enlargement of the EU

The Eastern Enlargement of the European Union is an extraordinary European achievement. It becomes possible, due to a series of compromises among the Member States, based on their national interests. Taken in their entirety, although important on their own right, they give shape to an inconsistent enlargement policy.

Rethinking the European Union?

Papers from the IVth scientific conference of the Dept. of European Studies at Sofia University, 2017. [...]

Perspectives for Adoption of the Euro in the Western Balkans

Authors: Assoc. Prof. Kaloyan Simeonov, Anna Pecheva, Lilian Nikiforova, Slaveya Bizheva   [...]

Nature and History of Monetary Unions

Author: Assoc. Prof. Kaloyan Simeonov           [...]

60 Years Anniversary of the Signing of the Treaties of Rome

The Embassy of the Republic of Italy in Sofia and the Italian Cultural Institute organized a round table on 10 March 2017, [...]

Research

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EU ACCESSION OF THE SEECS: THE EU’S EASTERN ENLARGEMENTS – PECULIARITIES OF INTERACTION BETWEEN THE EC AND THE APPLICANT COUNTRIES

Research Strand 1 Lead researcher under this research strand is Prof. Georgi Dimitrov. Justification of the study’s relevance In the beginning of the Fifth EU’s Enlargement and throughout its preparation and accomplishment, it was considered THE “Eastern enlargement of the Union” (in singular). Despite the facts that: а) initially there was no clear idea how many countries would be accepted; b) Cyprus and Malta, too, were included in the group of Central and East European countries; c) The Vishegrad sub-group of post-communist countries stubbornly insisted to be treated as Central not Eastern European, this phrase became standard. In academic literature till now “The Eastern Enlargement of the EU” designates the historical process through which the EU enlarged to 27 and later to 28 members. However, in the course of these developments some unexpected peculiarities emerged – firstly, the initial 10 CEECs were subdivided into a Luxemburg and a Helsinki group. Secondly, Bulgaria not only dropped out from the second subgroup for another three years but were subjected to the unprecedented post-accession conditionality because of the quality difference of their EU integration. Besides, Croatia joined the EU in 2013 and that counts as the Sixth enlargement of the Union. Yet, the terms of its accession to the then 27 members are under the specific conditionality whose political methodology is the very same as the one applied to the next new applicants for EU membership from the Western Balkans and Turkey and some of them steadily progress towards full compliance with membership criteria. All these facts mean that the EU’s enlargement after 1995 includes, simultaneously, both qualitative transformations and forms of continuity of the process which prevents us from some self-evident temporal or political structuring. To speak of “The Eastern Enlargement” would imply that we choose to prioritize the importance of the perpetual commonality in all stages over the essentially different. The main goal of the current long-term research project is exactly the identification of the non-obvious between the two aspects of the historical process of EU’s enlargement(s). [...]

DIGITAL ARCHIVE

Research Strand 2 Lead researcher under this strand is Assoc. Prof. Mirela Veleva The work on the digital archive database and content was initiated with the very start of the project, the first task being the elaboration of a structure of the archive with parameters related to periodization, authorship of the documents, source, language, etc. As far as the selection of documents is concerned, in order to organize the research activity in a more effective manner, the documents are divided into three main working categories – European, Bulgarian and interpretative, and on each category a sub-team of the volunteer researcher team is working. So far, for the purposes of our Digital Archive, the team has identified:

  • 51 European documents, total volume 1098 pages;
  • 78 Bulgarian documents, total volume 2075 pages;
  • 108 interpretative documents, total volume 2917 pages.
The accumulated archive is publicly available online on the Jean Monnet website – see button on the top right side of out homepage!   More details on the work of our great team of volunteers, who develop the Archive monthly with new additions – see here: http://jeanmonnetexcellence.bg/en/activities/digital-archive/

IMPACT OF THE EMU ON THE SOUTH-EAST EUROPE REGION

Lead researcher under this strand is Assoc. Prof. Kaloyan Simeonov. This research strand focused on the impact of the Economic and Monetary Union developments on the countries from South-East Europe. The prospects for future Euro area accession after EU membership were at the centre of the study. Currently, the countries from South-East Europe are at different stages for EMU preparations. Some countries are EU Member States but they are still not in the Euro area not even in the so-called “waiting room” (ERM II – the Exchange Rate Mechanism II). Other countries are advanced to a certain degree in relation to EU accession negotiations, some have candidate status but did not started accession negations. Some of the South-East Europe countries do not have even candidate status but just European perspective and potential candidate countries. The EMU have a substantial impact on these countries even outside the debate of the EU accession perspectives. This impact was also among the dimensions studied.  Last but not least, these countries have quite different exchange rate regimes, some of them applying floating regimes, Bosnia and Herzegovina applying currency board and Montenegro and Kosovo accepting the extreme choice of unilateral euroisation. The latter regime is not compatible with EU accession and preparations for EMU membership and opens new questions for discussion and research. To achieve this ambitious research objectives a team of students of the Department of EU Studies was formed (three sub-contracted researchers, students at Bachelor level) under the methodological guidance of Assoc. Prof. K. Simeonov. The team conducted the study in the period March-June 2017. The first draft of the analysis “Influence of the EMU on the Western Balkans” was presented to discussion by the project team on 4 May 2017. A protocol of the academic discussion was published on the project website - http://jeanmonnetexcellence.bg/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Protokol.pdf The second revised draft of the analysis under the title “Perspectives for Adoption of the Euro by the Western Balkan Countries” was deposited to the project team for review in June 2017. The study has now been published and is also available online in the Publication section of our website. You can also access it here: [1] A minister of foreign affairs provided an interview but did not agree to have it published.